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Standard Generalized Markup Language

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n. (SGML, abbr.) ~ An international standard (ISO 8879) metalanguage used to define sets of tags to identify the relationship between document content and structure for use by information processing applications.

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Developed by Charles F. Goldfarb in 1974 and published as a standard in 1986. Extensible markup language (XML) is a simplified version of SGML intended for use on the web. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is an example of a markup language defined in SGML.