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Broader Term: 

n. ~ 1. A record containing entries in the form of a list. - 2. A volume recording names or events. - 3. Computing · Hardware used to store a fixed amount of data, often a word, a byte, or a bit.

(Crabb 1917, p. 590) (Record, Register, Archive.) Record is taken for the thing recorded, or the collection in which a thing is recorded; register either for the thing registered or the place in which it is registered; archive, mostly for the place, and sometimes for the thing: records are either historical details or short notices, which serve to preserve the memory of things; registers are but short notices of particular and local circumstances; archives are always connected with the state: every place of antiquity has its records of the different circumstances which have been connected with its rise and progress and the various changes which it has experiences; in public registers we find accounts of families and of their various connections and fluctuations; in archives we find all legal deeds and instruments which involved the interests of the nation, both in its internal and external economy. In an extended application of these terms, records contain whatever is to be remembered at ever so distant a period; registers, that which is to serve present purposes; archives, that in which any things are stored.
(MacNeil 1995, p. 26) The purpose of the registers [known in Italy as protocol registers] is to control the stages of distribution and transit for every official document that passes through the registry. The protocol register, for example, records the documents protocol number (i.e., a unique identifier), its date, the date when it was received (in the case of documents received), the name and official title of the sender, the protocol number in the office of the sender (if applicable), the nature of the action, an indication of any enclosures and their types, the assigned classification number, and the office handling the matter.