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n. ~ 1. An outdoor scene. - 2. A genre of art in which the natural, outdoor environment is the principal subject, using natural features as the basis of the composition. - 3. A metaphorical terrain that gives an understanding of the relationships among different aspects of an idea or activity.


A landscape1 may refer to either the scene itself or to an artwork that depicts such a scene. - Landscapes2 may be made in many media, including oils, watercolors, sketches, and photographs. - Landscape3 is an extension of the natural environment to the world of ideas; for example, the social landscape, the political landscape.

(Cosmopolis 2000) A lot of American 19th-century artists considered that the essence of the origin of their country was reflected in the landscape. With nature as the starting point, they developed their own artistic current which distanced itself from the European tradition by making nature their primary source of inspiration and by representing nature as the promised land whereas in Europe man's relationship with nature and not nature itself was at the center of attention. Americans were not interested in the landscape marked by man's presence but they regarded nature as a virgin territory, a landscape that had not been sullied by human kind, in which the hand of God, its creator, could be seen. They combined this religious feeling for nature with the idea of national identity.