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intellectual property


(also intangible property), n. ~ 1. A group of intangible rights that protect creative works, including copyright, trademarks, patents, publicity rights, performance rights, rights against unfair competition. - 2. The title to such rights in a tangible or intangible work.


Intellectual rights may be divided into industrial rights, which include patents, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographical indications, and copyright and related rights, which include the rights of reproduction, adaptation, distribution, exhibition, and performance, and moral rights.

(Parezo 1999, p. 284–285) Some, but by no means all, native peoples feel that in certain cases the knowledge recorded in field interviews is proprietary and can endanger users who are not ritualistically prepared to access it. [Note:] This is an emerging ethical issue, often listed under intellectual property rights and privacy rights. . . .