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institutional repository


n. ~ Software and associated rules used to capture, structure, provide access to, and preserve digital materials produced by an organization or community.


Institutional repositories have their origin in academic environments and were intended to enable scholarly communities to share information in a variety of formats, including e-prints, data sets, electronic theses and dissertations, image collections, and courseware. DSpace and Fedora are two technologies designed to implement institutional repositories.

(C Lynch 2003) In the fall of 2002, something extraordinary occurred in the continuing networked information revolution, shifting the dynamic among individually driven innovation, institutional progress, and the evolution of disciplinary scholarly practices. The development of institutional repositories emerged as a new strategy that allows universities to apply serious, systematic leverage to accelerate changes taking place in scholarship and scholarly communication, both moving beyond their historic relatively passive role of supporting established publishers in modernizing scholarly publishing through the licensing of digital content, and also scaling up beyond ad-hoc alliances, partnerships, and support arrangements with a few select faculty pioneers exploring more transformative new uses of the digital medium.