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n. ~ 1. A mistake. - 2. A deviation from what is correct or specified by standard. - 3. Statistics · The difference between an observed or calculated value and the theoretical correct value, especially resulting from variations in measurement. - 4. Computing · A failure of software or hardware that produces an incorrect result or a failure in the system. - 4. Law · A mistake in a court's opinion, judgment, or order.


Error1 includes poor judgment in a decision or the belief that something false is true or the converse. - Error2, 3 is generally relative. The degree to which something deviates from a standard or theoretical value is measured in terms of its accuracy. The ability of a system to measure the difference depends on the precision of the system.

(CJS, Records §21) Defects or errors in public records may be corrected in order to make them conform to the facts. However, amendments are subject to the rights of third persons. ¶ Those having authority to do so may correct a record in order to make it conform to the truth. . . . In fact, it has been held that it is the duty of the recording officer to correct mistakes and to supply omissions in records whenever he discovers them from data in his office. ¶ Changes in a public record may be made only by or under official authority.