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scale

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n. ~ 1. The ratio between the size of something and its representation. - 2. A graphic illustrating the relative size of something.

Notes: 

Maps and architectural, engineering, and technical drawings are often to scale1, accurately reflecting the proportions of the thing they represent. Scale is often expressed verbally; for example, one inch equals one mile. If the map is reproduced at a different size, that statement of scale is no longer accurate in the reproduction. - A scale is often a thick rule with different units on either side, one for the map or drawing, the other for the thing represented. Such a scale retains its accuracy if reproduced at a different size.