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n. ~ 1. The quality or state of being free from public scrutiny. - 2. The quality or state of having one's personal information or activities protected from unauthorized use by another.


Under tort law, invasion of privacy includes theft of one's identity, intentionally disturbing one's solitude, disclosing nonpublic information about another, and placing another in a false public light. In some states, publicity rights are covered under privacy laws.

(CJS, Records §104) The Freedom of Information Act does not apply to personnel and medical files and similar files the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.
(CJS, Records §76) Under the [Privacy Act of 1974 (5 USCA §552a and note)], subject to exceptions, no agency shall disclose any record which is contained in a system of records by any means of communication to any person, or to another agency, except pursuant to a written request by, or with the prior written consent of, the individual to whom the record pertains.

A Glossary of Archival and Records Terminology