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privacy

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n. ~ 1. The quality or state of being free from public scrutiny. - 2. The quality or state of having one's personal information or activities protected from unauthorized use by another.

Notes: 

Under tort law, invasion of privacy includes theft of one's identity, intentionally disturbing one's solitude, disclosing nonpublic information about another, and placing another in a false public light. In some states, publicity rights are covered under privacy laws.

Citations:
(CJS, Records §104) The Freedom of Information Act does not apply to personnel and medical files and similar files the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.
(CJS, Records §76) Under the [Privacy Act of 1974 (5 USCA §552a and note)], subject to exceptions, no agency shall disclose any record which is contained in a system of records by any means of communication to any person, or to another agency, except pursuant to a written request by, or with the prior written consent of, the individual to whom the record pertains.